Risks and complications

Poor circulation can cause blood to pool in the veins, leading to a dangerous blood clot called a deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Blood clots in the deepest veins can break loose and travel elsewhere in the body. DVT is a life-threatening complication.

DVT is extremely rare with vulvar varicosities. However, a doctor will monitor the veins to ensure a blood clot does not develop. Signs of a blood clot include the vein becoming very painful, red, swollen, and hard. Women should immediately report these symptoms to a doctor.

Some women with vulvar varicosities might worry about how the veins will affect childbirth. However, these veins tend not to bleed very much and have no links to childbirth complications.

In some women, vulvar varicosities lead to a chronic pain condition called pelvic congestion syndrome. Damage to multiple veins in the vulva and genitals can cause numerous varicose veins, which may cause swelling and blocked blood flow to the area.

Home management with ice, heat, and NSAIDs may help, but some women may need surgery to treat the veins.

Are vulvar varicosities permanent?